We usually hear the debate about mercy killing. Some people argue that mercy killing should be legalized, other hand, many argue that mercy killing is immoral and it is not acceptable. So, the very pertinent question is why there is so much of hue and cry about the issue of mercy killing. Let’s find out.
First let’s try to find out what is mercy killing or euthanasia assisted suicide?
Suppose you are suffering from an incurable disease. Every passing day your condition is worsening and there is no hope of recovery. In fact, every day you bear the intolerable pain and die silently. Now you are fed up with this pain and suffer and you want to get rid. You want to die peacefully, so you couldn’t bear the further pain.
You request to your doctor to assist you to let you die. The Doctor performs euthanasia on you. It is just like painless killing with the help of medicine and drug. Technically, here, doctor assists you to commit legal suicide and soon you will be no more.
In concept, mercy killing seems the best choice for those patients who are in the vegetative stage and silently dying every day without having any hope to get recovered. So better legalize it. Legalization of mercy killing will assist those countless patients who are in vegetative states and have a nil chance of recovery.
So let’s first look at the benefit of legalized mercy killing
1-It will end the life of patients who are terminally ill- The person who is in a vegetative state is somehow already dead. The patient is just lying on bed and breathing. There is very lesser hope to get the patient recovered unless an absolute miracle happens. So what’s the point to waste more time, energy and resources on that patient to treat him further after knowing the fact that it is of no use? Better utilize those resources for another patient.
Our constitution also guarantees to live a life with dignity, then we should also have the right to die with dignity. So let those patients die with dignity by choosing a rightful death, which will be completely legal.
2-It will end suffering-
These terminally ill patients face a very slow and painful death every day. So, why we should let them bear the agony. Let them allow to relive their suffering by choosing to end their life comfortably.
A patient should have all the right to avoid this kind of torture and suffering and he/ she should get every right to die in a human way.
3-Relatives will get rid of unwanted agony and burdens-
Relatives of these terminally ill patients suffer a lot. In most of cases, a patient even may not recognize his/her relatives. It is very depressing for the relatives and they suffer too much. A relative usually go through lots of depression and agony in such situation.
So, better let the patient relive from suffer and relative relive from depression by helping the patient to choose an assisted suicide. It will also end the unwanted economic burden on relatives because of these terminally ill patients.
4-it will stop disease to spread
In such condition there is a wider probability to exist contagious element within the patient, which may affect others. The longer a patient is kept alive the greater the risk to spread the disease among others.
So better stop the threat and end the life of the patient for a wider benefit.
Argument against mercy killing-
Mercy killing is very convincing, but not everyone is in the favour of it. Even many organizations are opposing it. According to these dissenting voices
1-It is literally like committing murder and hell; no civilized society can permit it.
It is immoral to take away someone’s life because life and death are natural processes and humans cannot interfere to decide when the life of a person should be terminated on any ground.
2-Legalizing euthanasia will worsen illegal practices. People will wrongfully chose to terminate the life of elderly people for selfless benefits like inheriting property or end disputes.
It is also feared that practicing of euthanasia on healthy people will also take place. And if this happens, then situation will really be very dangerous to tackle so better avoid it.
3-Medical science is progressing rapidly and every passing day new inventions are coming out. It may be possible that soon the cure for such diseases will find out.
So it’s not ethically right to terminate someone’s life.
Finally, we can say that the decision to legalize euthanasia needs a healthy discussion with experts.
But there are some cases where mercy killing remains the only option to end the suffering of patients and in such situation a patient should go for it.