We daily hear news about Ebola and it almost makes us scared. It is killing thousands of people and it has made doctors and scientists panic all across the globe. Yup, literally Ebola news is all across the globe.
The latest outbreak of Ebola is termed as the most severe and complex outbreak in the history of the disease. Oh hell!
So, the question is why Ebola is much dangerous? Can’t we have any cure for it? How can we tackle it spread?
There are countless questions which raise the bar of our curiosity. So first let’s look at the rational side of this disease. Yup the rational side of this scary infectious disease that called Ebola.
So when it started to spread or what is Ebola virus history?
The latest epidemic Ebola outbreak began to spread at the end of 2013, in Guinea. From there it spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Senegal.
The Ebola virus first appeared during two 1976 outbreaks in Africa.
Where does this Ebola Virus come from?
The initial human infection of Ebola came from an infected animal, most likely a bat. Yup its bat!!
Ebola gets its name from the Ebola River, which is near one of the villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo where the disease first appeared. From there, later on it spread via human to human across the globe.
So now what is Ebola?
It is a fever that is known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever which is spread by Ebolavirus. This is a fatal disease where death rate is very high.
What are the Ebola symptoms or what causes Ebola?
The ebola virus symptoms can appear between 2 to 21 days after infection.
It includes fever, weakness, muscle pain, rashes, headache, and sore throat.
A patient also experience vomiting, diarrhea and kidney and liver malfunction and sometimes internal and external bleeding too.
As the virus spreads through the body, it damages the immune system and organs of ebola virus victims. Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. This leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding.
So how Ebola virus spread?
Ebola spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact like blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids.
Ebola transmission can also happen through semen and sexual intercourse. Those persons who care for a patient of Ebola often get it.
The best way to avoid catching the Ebola causes is by not traveling to areas where the virus is found.
More than 500 health-care workers too have died from Ebola.
Medicine for Ebola
Unfortunately, there is no known Ebola virus cure or vaccine for Ebola. There are currently treatments and vaccines under development, but most have not been tested on humans. And it will literally take hell lots of time before any right cure to be discovered.
So how doctors treat patients?
There is still no known Ebola treatment. Treatment of Ebola includes an experimental serum that destroys infected cells.
Patients are usually kept dehydrated, so they are given oral fluids which contain electrolytes.
Blood transfusions are also done so it could maintain the level of red blood cell.