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United Nations Climate Change Conference 2015 or COP21-Everything You Need to Know

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We all know, today earth is warming rapidly. Today the global average temperature is about 15C. Yup, its above 15C. Scientists across the globe are extremely worried that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise this way, then it will be catastrophic and irreversible.

Image via crooklyn2108.deviantart.com/
Image via crooklyn2108.deviantart.com

So what are the ways remained to save the planet?

Of course we need to cut the greenhouse emissions. But, how? It’s not an easy task. People can’t stop burning fuel and fossils for their daily use. But we have to cut down the emissions at any damn cost to save our planet.

Image via adsoftheworld.com
Image via adsoftheworld.com

For this, we need a global consensus among all countries. And that’s why we need COP to find out the effective solutions for a better and safe future.

So what is COP?

conference of parties in Geneva, Image via thehindu
A conference of parties in Geneva, Image via thehindu

COP stands for Conference of Parties. It’s a kind of an annual meeting of all nations that make up the United Nations Framework on Climate Change. The first COP occurred in Berlin in 1995.

What is COP21?

Image via demotix.com
Image via demotix.com

This is the 21st meeting of nations. It took place in Paris. More than 40,000 delegates from 200 countries all over the world attended this.

Aim of COP21

1-The main aim of COP21 is to curb global warming to less than 2C (3.6F) by the end of the century, so the earth can be a safer planet for present and future generations.

Image via ctvnews.ca
Image via ctvnews.ca

Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions, which is followed across the globe will run out in 2020, so at COP21 governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens after 2020.

2-To review the progress of COP21 after every five years.

Image via behance.net
Image via behance.net

3-Manage a fund of $100bn a year in climate finance for developing countries by 2020 so developing countries will adapt to climate change and switch to renewable energy.

Image via thegreenmarketoracle.com
Image via thegreenmarketoracle.com

4-To curb the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by human activity to the same levels that trees, soil and oceans can absorb naturally, beginning at some point between 2050 and 2100.

Image via racuntikus.deviantart.com
Image via racuntikus.deviantart.com

Will it be an easy goal to achieve?

Hell nope! This will not be an easy goal to achieve. Scientists say the gases we have already emitted into the atmosphere will “lock us in” to around 2 degrees Celsius of warming.

Image via adsoftheworld.com
Image via adsoftheworld.com

It will require massive efforts in the near future to cut the emission.  

Image via twitter.com/jameseades
Image via twitter.com/jameseades

It requires a firm commitment from largest emitter nations like the United States and China, as well as commitments to sustainable development from all countries.

Image via chinoviceral.deviantart.com
Image via chinoviceral.deviantart.com

The biggest obstacle in the way of achieving the goal of COP21-Only elements of COP21 will be legally binding. Still, the national pledges by countries to cut emissions are voluntary and without any proper guidelines. It is hard to be optimistic that these goals are likely to be achieved.